With more than 600 square miles of incorporated area, the city of Buckeye offers a vast array of hunting and shooting opportunities for residents and visitors. Before participating in such activities, make sure you’re aware of state and city laws.
Shooting or Target Testing
According to code, it is unlawful to discharge a firearm within or into the limits of any municipality (ARS 13-3107) unless you are more than one mile from any occupied structure as defined in section ARS 13-3101. An “occupied structure” is legally defined as any building, object, vehicle, watercraft, aircraft or place with sides and a floor that is separately securable from any other structure attached to it, that is used for lodging, business, transportation, recreation or storage, and in which one or more human beings either are or are likely to be present or so near as to be in equivalent danger at the time the discharge of a firearm occurs. Furthermore, “occupied structure” includes any dwelling house, whether occupied, unoccupied or vacant.
To learn more about hunting schedules, rules, regulations and licensing, please visit the Arizona Department of Game and Fish.
Discharging a Firearm: Let's Look at the Law
Here’s a disclaimer: Discharge of a firearm within 1/4 mile of an occupied structure is prohibited under A.R.S. 17-309 (A) (4), which reads this way:
A. Unless otherwise prescribed by this title, it is unlawful for a person to:
4. Discharge a firearm while taking wildlife within one-fourth mile of an occupied farmhouse or other residence, cabin, lodge or building without permission of the owner or resident.
In the event of a law enforcement perimeter requirement, hunters may be required to relocate.
The Legal Answer to a Most Frequently Asked Question
We hear it a lot. “Can I shoot a BB Gun at the Pigeons on my roof?” Generally, no. It’s considered discharging a “projectile weapon,” and in most cases it’s against the law. Here is Buckeye Town Ordinance 10-2-7 on the matter:
Section 10-2-7 – Discharge of Projectile Weapons
- Definitions. The following words, terms and phrases, when used in this section 10-2-7, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this subsection 10-2-7 (A), except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
- “Air rifle” shall be defined as any rifle or handgun that fires a projectile of any type by the use of compressed air, compressed gas, or spring pressure, including, but not limited to, BB/pellet guns, paint marker guns, “air soft” guns.
- “Archery equipment” shall be defined as any recurve, compound, longbow or crossbow, no matter the draw weight.
- Violations. It shall be unlawful for any person other than a public official in the exercise of their duties, to discharge any air rifle or archery equipment within the corporate limits of the town.
- When the air rifle or archery equipment is discharged at an approved range, at a sanctioned school activity, or at a sanctioned town activity.
- When the air rifle or archery equipment is discharged in a fenced back yard where the fence is sufficient to stop any projectile from leaving the yard
- Penalty. A violation of this section 10-2-7 shall be a class 2 misdemeanor. (Ord. No. 34-10, § 2, 11-16-2010)